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Economic Feasibility of Green Hydrogen: Paving the Path to Sustainable Prosperity

20 March 2024, 10:00 am

In the global pursuit of sustainable and clean energy solutions, green hydrogen has emerged as a frontrunner, promising a future where renewable resources power our economies while reducing our carbon footprint. As we delve into the economic feasibility of green hydrogen, we must examine the intricate web of factors that determine its viability across production, storage, transportation, and application. This blog aims to analyse the economic landscape of green hydrogen, considering critical factors like investment costs, operational expenses, and its potential to compete in various markets.

Whilst we get mesmerised by the potential of green hydrogen to change things for the better, whether or not humankind utilises it will boil down to costs and economic justification. This is why it is imperative to talk about this particular elephant in the room.

We look at investment, operational expenses and market competitiveness across production, transportation, storage and application. We don't go into detailed numbers as such an approach will be reserved for private conversations, and to retain the general public's interest in the topic.


Investment Costs: The production of green hydrogen involves the installation of electrolyzers powered by renewable energy sources, such as wind or solar. While the initial investment is substantial, it is decreasing as technology advances and economies of scale come into play.

Operational Expenses: Operational costs include the expense of maintaining and operating electrolysis equipment. Energy prices and equipment efficiency play a significant role in determining these expenses.

Market Competitiveness: Green hydrogen competes with other hydrogen production methods, such as grey hydrogen (produced from natural gas) and blue hydrogen (gray hydrogen with carbon capture). Market competitiveness depends on factors like energy prices and government incentives supporting green hydrogen.


Investment Costs: Storage solutions for green hydrogen include compressed gas storage, liquid hydrogen, and solid-state storage technologies. Investment costs vary depending on the chosen method, with compressed gas storage being one of the most cost-effective options.

Operational Expenses: The operational costs of storage involve maintenance, safety measures, and potential hydrogen losses due to permeation. Solid-state storage technologies are generally more efficient but may have higher initial costs.

Market Competitiveness: Storage is crucial for stabilizing the availability of green hydrogen, especially in industries with fluctuating demand, such as transportation and energy. Effective storage solutions enhance the competitiveness of green hydrogen in various markets.


Investment Costs: The transportation of green hydrogen involves pipelines, trucks, or liquefaction facilities. The choice depends on the distance and scale of transportation. Pipelines have high initial investment costs but lower operational expenses in the long run.

Operational Expenses: Operational costs encompass transportation infrastructure maintenance and energy required for liquefaction or compression. Pipeline transportation is generally more cost-efficient when long-term operations are considered.

Market Competitiveness: Efficient and cost-effective transportation methods are vital for the widespread adoption of green hydrogen. Market competitiveness relies on the ability to deliver hydrogen to end-users reliably.


Investment Costs: The application of green hydrogen varies across sectors, including industry, transportation, and power generation. The feasibility of green hydrogen adoption depends on the competitiveness of these applications compared to other energy sources.

Operational Expenses: Operational costs in various applications vary widely. In some cases, such as heavy-duty transportation, the operational cost of green hydrogen can compete favorably with traditional fuels.

Market Competitiveness: The economic feasibility of green hydrogen applications hinges on factors like energy prices, regulatory support, and the carbon footprint of alternative solutions. In sectors where carbon reduction is a priority, green hydrogen has a competitive edge.


The economic feasibility of green hydrogen rests on a delicate balance between investment costs, operational expenses, and market competitiveness. While initial investments in green hydrogen production, storage, transportation, and application may be substantial, they are steadily decreasing as technology matures and economies of scale are realised. Moreover, government incentives, rising environmental awareness, and the urgency of combating climate change are driving the transition to green hydrogen. As these factors converge, green hydrogen is poised to play a pivotal role in shaping a more sustainable and prosperous future for generations to come.

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